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 Armes de fabrication Israelienne

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MessageSujet: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Sam 25 Juil 2009 - 22:31



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In the mid-70s a group of IAI (Israel Air Industries) engineers and IAF (Israeli Air Force) officers began a new project to develop an ultra modern Israeli fighter aircraft – a project that was supposed to take a quantum leap for aeronautics.

Designed to be the most advanced of its kind in the world by any standards, the Arie (Lion), would give the IAF a reliable option to the advanced US F-15 and F-16 types. Although it has never came through, the Arie became the cornerstone of another future and most ambitious project ever, an Israeli breakthrough to develop and produce the Lavi, the Israeli dream aircraft to outmatch the F-16.


Background

In response to the French embargo forced upon Israel after the Six-day warin 1967, a decision was made to strive for independence in the development of major weapons systems. Israel had already acquired the means to build good copies of the French Mirage, but wanted to be much more than just a clone maker.
The commander of the IAF (1982-1987), Gen. Amos Lapidot: said, “The essence was to create a technological infrastructure to develop and manufacture weapons systems in the three major weapons systems platforms – tanks, aircraft and ships. Behind that concept, were three basic rationales: First, Israel should not, and could not rely on foreign countries very volatile foreign policies. Secondly, the Israeli air force always strives to develop and use new war tactics and strategies, and was in constant need of new equipment to fulfill those operational objectives. Third, a national strategy to promote Israel 's and IAI's state-of-the-art technological accomplishments". This last point doesn't come over so well in English - by implication, these accomplishments would deter aggression, save money on expensive foreign weapon imports and maybe help Israeli exports.


Development

In 1974, an IAI team was set up to begin the Arie project. As no government approval had yet been received to produce it, the program was simply codenamed “R&D project”. Ovadia Harrari, who would later become head of the Lavi program, was to lead that endeavor.
The IAI decided to develop the Arie based on the technological knowhow acquired from the Kfir project, particularly from the Kfir-Canard program – the improved version. In fact, the first proposal which was put on hold by the Air Force, was to develop an aircraft to be named “Super Kfir” – a regular Kfir whose original J79 engine was replaced by an F100 model, the same as in early F-15/F-16s versions. That new engine would substantially increase the Super-Kfir's flying performance. However, due to the Air Force's strict specs requirements, a new draft was called for, in spite of the Kfir/Arie's visual similarities.
Over thirty different configurations were evaluated. The IAI tested several engine models, including the British Rolls- Royce RB-199, which powers the European Tornado aircraft. Soon, the options were reduced to just two. The F-100 single engine plane, or a twin-engine version.
The later, codenamed Light Weight Fighter-4 (LWF-4), was to be powered by two General-Electric F-404 engines as used in the F-18. “Looking at the different designs of the Arie, one can notice that it is an extensively modified Kfir” explains Harrari ,“ the aircraft is visually different, but its roots lay in the Kfir”.
The new future fighter aircraft, which was now codenamed “Hadish” (innovative), could be described as a single seat light fighter, capable of reaching 2.4 Mach speed, a 75,000 ft altitude ceiling, with a 480 km combat radius. Armament: would have been a 30-mm cannon and medium range air-to-air missiles. Avionics would include a radar, a helmet sight and an integral electronic warfare system. In addition, the aircraft would have low optical and radar signatures. Even the US F-15 and F-16 could not match these features at that time.
The outstanding question: An air-to-air fighter, or an air-to-ground attack aircraft?
During its initial design phases, the 1973Yom-Kippur war broke out, and the Israeli Air Force focused its attention on the battle proven air-to-air configuration concept, as air power and air superiority consist basically of air-to-air combat missions. Therefore, about 90 percent of the “Hadish” capabilities would be directed for air-to-air combat.


Technologies and Avionics


The Arie had several technological breakthroughs. It was designed to be the first Israeli aircraft to deploy digital fly-by-wire flight control system (at that time, cutting edge technology). This fly-by-wire concept, permitted the engineers to design an aerodynamically non-stable platform. Hence, they could achieve a small and highly maneuverable aircraft.
In the air-to-air version, to cope with enemy intruder aircraft, and keeping its air-superiority capabilities, the Arie would be equipped with advanced avionics and special ordnance systems: a highly sensitive Israeli radar capable of acquiring low-altitude flying targets. Advanced electro-optical systems would enable the Arie to locate ground targets at night.
Another breakthrough, was the pilot's option to use his helmet mounted sight, easing his combat workload. In the mid-70's these systems were nearly unheard of. It would take another ten years for the helmet mounted sight to become operational in any type of combat aircraft.
The Arie's cockpit resembles to a great extent that of the F-16's early versions. Besides the Head-up Display (HUD), a Monochromatic Display was mounted in the cockpit to display the radar's viewpoint.
The Pilot's view was close to 360º visibility– a life and death factor in air combats. This is now the normal design in both Western and Russian combat aircraft from the F-15 onwards.
The Arie's ordnance would include an improved 30-mm DAPA cannon, assorted air-to-air missiles, iron bombs, and precision guided ordnance. Max. military load is: 7 tons.
Although that aircraft was not meant to be a stealth aircraft, some basic stealth features were studied to give it the option to strike heavily fortified missile zones. This objective was based on the lessons learned during and after the 1973 Yom-Kippur war, when Israeli fighters had to face a huge number of SAMs. The Arie would also be equipped with an advanced Electronic-Warfare system produced by Israel , giving the pilot an early warning signal to lock on to enemy threats and jam them.
Studies were made to drastically reduce its radar signature, making it extremely difficult to be detected by enemy radar. For example, its bomb load was to be stowed inside a conformal ventral capsule, to reduce its radar cross section.


A Paper's Lion

According to the program timetable, the Arie's initial development phase should have been completed by mid 1979. Until then, the IAI would have to complete flight tests, select and define all the contractors.
By that year's end, an initial test flight was scheduled for the first of three prototypes.
By mid 1980, 10 pre-production aircrafts should be completed, with regular production to begin in the following two years. The Air Force should be receiving the first production Arie by the end of 1983. Delivery of 100 aircraft would be completed by the end of 1985.
Meanwhile, the IAF was leaning towards the US aircraft option. Rumors indicated that the USA would finally agree to sell Israel F-15s and F-16s. Finally, a decision was made to order the US aircraft. and scrap the Arie.
In August 1975, the IAF's chief, the (late) Gen. Benny Peled released a document defining the IAF's policy in relation to the Arie project. The document recommended the US F-15s and F-16s. Based on his assessment, the IAF began a procurement program of F-15s to be delivered by 1976. Moreover, it had been determined that the F-16 in principle answered Israel 's operational needs for an air superiority aircraft for the 80s. As a result of intense pressure on the IAF, Gen. Benny Peled decided to respond with a letter on May 10, 1976 , stating the reasons not to progress with the Arie: The US would agree to sell Israel F-16s. It had also been agreed that the US would sell Israel the F-100 engine, and there were not sufficient funds to keep the project moving.
“The fundamental knowledge that led to the development of the Lavi relied on the experience acquired from the “Hadish” and Arie”, says Gen. Lapidot, who created the Lavi project board, and commanded the Israeli Air Force by the time the project was canceled. “It can be definitely stated that the Arie, the Nesher and Kfir programs, added significantly to the development of the Israel Aircraft Industry (IAI), so that when we gave the “go ahead” for the Lavi, we already had a complete infrastructure in place and ready to work. In 1980, we decided to build a smaller version of the Arie. It is not by coincidence that it was named the Lavi. Lavi is a Lion (Arie), although a very much younger and smaller one”

Type Single-seat, multi-role aircraft
Max. speed 2.4 Mach
Max. altitude 75,000 feet

http://www.israeli-weapons.com/weapons/aircraft/arie/Arie.htm
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MessageSujet: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Mer 23 Sep 2009 - 12:45



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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Mer 23 Sep 2009 - 12:59













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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Mer 23 Sep 2009 - 13:39

I.M.I Galil



Galil sniper 7.65mm



I.M.I Jericho


I.M.I DESERT EAGLE


I.M.I Barak


I.M.I UZI




I.M.I NEGEV


Hezi SM-1

I.M.I Corner shot

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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Mer 23 Sep 2009 - 16:42

On a un retour de la part de la troupe en ce qui concerne les qualités ou les défauts du Tavor 21?
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Mer 23 Sep 2009 - 20:00

defauts de jeunesse corrigé,depuis environ 8 mois les golani qui sont les premiers a les recevoir sont contents du tavor car plus leger et plus maniables dans les combats en milieu clos.
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Mer 23 Sep 2009 - 20:05

Tu sais quels étaient les défauts de jeunesse qu'il a fallu corriger, GDS?
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 24 Sep 2009 - 12:32

rafi a écrit:
Tu sais quels étaient les défauts de jeunesse qu'il a fallu corriger, GDS?

Des problémes d'usures.

Rafael spike LR


I.M.I B300

I.M.I Mapats

I.M.I Shipon

IAI Nimrod


IAI LAHAT

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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 24 Sep 2009 - 15:29

Rafael popeye

rafael spice

Spice 1000

I.M.I PB 500

I.M.I RAM

I.M.I MSOV


I.M.I ITALD

IAI MLGB

I.M.I DELILAH

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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 24 Sep 2009 - 15:48

galil je crois qu il s'agit du plus aboutit des fusils coopération avec la finlande mecanisme proche du kalach et precision d un fal ou m16 bien sur je parle des fusils d'antant pas de la generation tavor et sar21
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 24 Sep 2009 - 19:23

c'est tous a fais ca tu es bien informé ,c'est un fusil qui c'est trés bien vendu il est fabriqué sous license en birmanie et en afrique du sud.
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 24 Sep 2009 - 19:49

GlaivedeSion a écrit:
c'est tous a fais ca tu es bien informé ,c'est un fusil qui c'est trés bien vendu il est fabriqué sous license en birmanie et en afrique du sud.

en Colombie , en Italie et en Croatie aussi IMI travaillait sur son successeur un moment , il y avait meme des images du proto sur le net mais j'ai oublié sa denomination : Il etait en configuration classique et avait une poignée d'emport sur le coté facon FN FAL


Dernière édition par reese le Jeu 24 Sep 2009 - 21:12, édité 1 fois
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 24 Sep 2009 - 21:01

Le fameux UZI !

Il y 'a certaine arme comme qui sont plus connu que les autres, et qui ont une image de marque bien particulière : le calach, le m16 et le UZI.

QQ1 peut m'éxpliqué pourquoi le UZI est connu, qu'est ce qui fait que cet arme est une bonne arme ?

Merci
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 24 Sep 2009 - 21:06

Des armes qui ont su se faire un nom dans le marcher.
Comme le DESERT EAGLE, c'est clairement une armes pour les tueurs à gage du monde entier..

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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 24 Sep 2009 - 21:34

bansheequader a écrit:
Le fameux UZI !

Il y 'a certaine arme comme qui sont plus connu que les autres, et qui ont une image de marque bien particulière : le calach, le m16 et le UZI.

QQ1 peut m'éxpliqué pourquoi le UZI est connu, qu'est ce qui fait que cet arme est une bonne arme ?

Merci

Le UZI a été l'arme de prédilecion de la Delta Force et des Navy Seals à une époque, sans oublier ses différentes apparitions cinématiques dont la plus importante est celle qui a fait de Chuck Norris une legende, soit Delta Force 1 et 2.

Sa conception et son design en faisaient l'arme automatique la plus compacte et faisait qu'il était utilisé par les forces d'intervention du monde entier. Et le rendait parfait pour le combat en quartiers rapprochés. C'etait le MP5 de l'époque




En plus bien sur des possibilités de customisations et de son usage dans le civil ...


world.guns.ru a écrit:
The UZI submachine gun was developed in Israel by designer Uziel Gal in around
1949, and manufactured by IMI (now IWI Ltd) since about 1951. UZI
had been adopted by police and military of more than 90 countries, including Israel (now
only in reserve), Germany, Belgium. It was also produced under license in
Belgium by FN Herstal, and without license - in Croatia. More compact versions, Mini and Micro UZI,
which were developed in 1982 and 1983, respectively, are adopted by
many police, special operations and security units around the world, including Israeli Isayeret, US
Secret Service etc.

Source : world.guns.ru

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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Ven 25 Sep 2009 - 11:29

IAI ARAVA

IAI NESHER

IAI KFIR

IAI LAVI


IAI SEASCAN



















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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Ven 25 Sep 2009 - 15:05

RAFAEL WOLF


IMI WILDCAT MRAP

Plasan sasa caracal

Automotive industries Ltd Sufa 3


ABIR

Desert raider


IAI RAM 2000

RAFAEL GOLAN MRAP
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Sam 3 Oct 2009 - 22:03

IMI GALATZ


T.C.I M89-SR




IMI STAR-21


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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Dim 4 Oct 2009 - 0:21

USV (drone naval)
Rafael protector


Elbit silver marlin

Elbit stingray


Aeronautics Seastar
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Dim 4 Oct 2009 - 14:01

SA'AR 4.5 ALIYA


SA'AR 4.5 HEREV


SHALDAG



DVORA MKIII

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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Sam 14 Nov 2009 - 22:40

Carpet : Minefield Breaching System. (avec les 20 roquettes c est apparament le meilleurs systeme de sa category)











[img]http://www.rafael.co.il/marketing/SIP_STORAGE/FILES/4/264.jpg[/URL]
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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Mer 9 Déc 2009 - 12:14




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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Mer 9 Déc 2009 - 12:16



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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 10 Déc 2009 - 16:44

IAI LORA




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MessageSujet: Re: Armes de fabrication Israelienne   Jeu 10 Déc 2009 - 17:00

IMI PB 500

IMI LAR 160
£

IMI GRADLAR

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