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 Forces Armées Croates /Croatian military /Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske

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MessageSujet: Re: Forces Armées Croates /Croatian military /Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske   Ven 20 Nov 2015 - 23:11

Citation :
U.S. to donate 16 used Kiowa helicopters to Croatia


Nov 20, 2015




The Croatian Defence Ministry has confirmed that a Croatian Armed Forces’ team of experts, led by Colonel Michael Krizanac, visited the United States and selected 16 used OH-58D Kiowa helicopters which the US Army will donate to the Croatian Army and Air Force, adding that “the used helicopters are in excellent condition.”

These helicopters do not have many flight hours and they are excellent aircraft, the ministry said in a press release adding that the donated helicopters should fly in Croatian skies next year.

http://defence-blog.com/news/u-s-to-donate-16-used-kiowa-helicopters-to-croatia.html
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MessageSujet: Re: Forces Armées Croates /Croatian military /Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske   Mar 12 Jan 2016 - 17:09

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Croatia is on negotiations with Norway to purchase NASAMS medium-range air defense system.
According the Croatian-based magazine Defender, Croatia is in negotiations with Norway to purchase the NASAMS (Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System) air defense missile systems. Currently, the Croatian Armed forces does not have any air defense systems.



Currently, Croatian army is only equipped with Soviet-made MANPADS (Man-portable air-defense systems) 9K38 Igla and 9K32 Strela-2M and Strijela-10CROA1 (Croatian army's only SAM systems) having a maximum range of 7 km. It is a domestically produced version of the Russian-made 9K35 Strela-10 system incorporating some improvements.

Under a modernization program, the Croatian Army is set to revive its capability of hitting targets beyond the 10 km range.

Lithuania is also on negotiations for the acquisition of the NASAMS-2 (National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System), jointly developed by Norway’s Kongsberg Defense & Aerospace Company and America’s Raytheon.

The NASAMS (Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System) is a medium to long range surface-to-air defence missile system.

NASAMS uses the Raytheon AMRAAM missile, identical to the AMRAAMs used on fighter aircraft. The NASAMS air defence system features network centric, open architecture that provides increased survivability against electronic countermeasures. The missile system can engage 72 targets simultaneously in active and passive modes. The primary missile of the system is AIM-120 AMRAAM. It has a maximum range of 33 km and a maximum altitude of 15,000 m.

The NASAMS is in service with the Norwegian Air Force. Also, Spain has upgraded its NASAMS II system which was delivered in 2004. Greece, Turkey and the USA also purchased NASAMS in order to protect their land infrastructure.



http://www.armyrecognition.com/january_2016_global_defense_security_news_industry/croatia_is_on_negotiations_with_norway_to_purchase_nasams_medium-range_air_defense_system_11201164.html


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MessageSujet: Re: Forces Armées Croates /Croatian military /Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske   Lun 29 Fév 2016 - 19:37

Citation :
Croatia approves OH-58D buy

Gareth Jennings, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

28 February 2016


Croatia has approved plans to buy 16 OH-58Ds that have been retired from US Army service. Source: US Army



Croatia has approved the procurement of 16 surplus OH-58D Kiowa Warrior armed reconnaissance helicopters from the United States, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 25 February.

The plan to buy a squadron of OH-58D helicopters and three simulators is valued at HRK286 million (USD41 million), of which HRK100 million will be funded through US government support funds and the remainder by the Croatian government's 2016-20 budget.

Croatia had originally wanted to receive surplus Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters through the US Excess Defense Article (EDA) programme, whereby military equipment is gifted to allies for the cost of refurbishment, shipping, and support once in service. Talks were held in late 2014 and early 2015 between the Croatian MoD, the US military, and Sikorsky. The plan was that Croatia would receive the UH-60s and in turn donate its Mi-8/17s to Ukraine, though not much progress was made.

With the proposed UH-60 sale not going anywhere, Croatia instead decided to acquire the 16 OH-58Ds through the EDA system. This deal passed the US Congress in late summer 2015. Croatia already fields seven Bell 206B JetRanger helicopters, on which the OH-58D is based, and so already has much of the training and support infrastructure in place.
 
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MessageSujet: Re: Forces Armées Croates /Croatian military /Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske   Sam 30 Juil 2016 - 20:06

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The first five helicopters Kiowa delivered in Croatia
Jul 30, 2016113


Five helicopters OH-58D Kiowa Warrior from the project of equipping the Armed Forces reconnaissance and attack helicopters in support of the Government and the Armed Forces of the United States, delivered today, Saturday 30 July 2016 at 93. Air Force Base of the Croatian Air Force and Air Defence ( CAF) in barracks Zemunik.

The helicopters, simulators and other related equipment arrived American plane C-5, which landed early in the morning, while the remaining helicopters and equipment arrive in a subsequent delivery.

Croatia had originally wanted to receive surplus Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters through the US Excess Defense Article (EDA) programme, whereby military equipment is gifted to allies for the cost of refurbishment, shipping, and support once in service. Talks were held in late 2014 and early 2015 between the Croatian MoD, the US military, and Sikorsky. The plan was that Croatia would receive the UH-60s and in turn donate its Mi-8/17s to Ukraine, though not much progress was made.

With the proposed UH-60 sale not going anywhere, Croatia instead decided to acquire the 16 OH-58Ds through the EDA system. This deal passed the US Congress in late summer 2015. Croatia already fields seven Bell 206B JetRanger helicopters, on which the OH-58D is based, and so already has much of the training and support infrastructure in place.



The OH-58 Kiowa Warrior conducts armed reconnaissance, security, target acquisition and designation, command and control, light attack and defensive air combat missions in support of combat and contingency operations. It replaces the AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters (those that function as scouts in air cavalry troops and light attack companies) and OH-58A and C Kiowas in air cavalry troops.

A single engine, four-bladed helicopter with advanced visionics, navigation, communication, and weapons and cockpit integration systems. The mast-mounted sight (MMS) houses a thermal imaging system, low-light television, laser rangefinder/designator, and an optical boresight system. These systems enable the Kiowa Warrior to operate by day and night and allow target acquisition and engagement at stand-off ranges and in adverse weather conditions.

The Armed OH-58D Kiowa Warrior, in service with the US Army, is supplied by Bell Helicopter Textron of Fort Worth, Texas. Around 375 Kiowas are in service and the single engine, double-bladed armed reconnaissance helicopter has been deployed in support of United States armed forces around the world including Haiti, Somalia and the Gulf of Arabia (Desert Storm and Desert Shield).

In 2002, Kiowas were deployed as part of Nato’s SFOR forces in Bosnia and, in 2003, 120 Kiowas were deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. 29 helicopters were lost during that operation. The US Army Kiowa fleet achieved a total of 750,000 combat hours until the end of 2011.



http://defence-blog.com/news/the-first-five-helicopters-kiowa-delivered-in-croatia.html





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MessageSujet: Re: Forces Armées Croates /Croatian military /Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske   Ven 12 Aoû 2016 - 15:49

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OH-58D Kiowa-Warrior Helicopters Presented At Zemunik Base
(Source: Croatian Ministry of Defence; issued August 11, 2016)
Delivered in late July, the surplus OH-58D Kiowa Warrior scout helicopters supplied by the United States was formally inducted into the Croatian armed forces on Aug. 11. One of the helicopters is seen here during the official ceremony. (Croatia MoD photo)
Five OH-58D Kiowa Warrior helicopters from the project of equipment of the Croatian Armed Forces with scout/attack helicopter, supported by the U.S. government and the U.S. Army, have been presented in the 93 Air Base at Zemunik on 10 August.

The presentation was attended by the President of the Republic as the Supreme Commander of the Croatian Armed Forces Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, the U.S Ambassador to the Republic of Croatia, H.E. Julieta Valls-Noyes, the Croatian Defence Minister Josip Buljević, the Deputy Defence Minister Tomislav Ivić, the Director of the Military Security Agency, Brigadier General Ivica Kinder, Assistant Ministers Nikola Brzica, Zoran Piličić and Zdravko Jakop, the Chief of the General Staff of the Croatian Armed Forces, General Mirko Šundov, the Commander of the Croatian Air Force and AIr Defence, Brigadier General Miroslav Kovač and Colonel Karol Lučan, the Commander of the 93rd Air Base, which will house the helicopters, to be assigned to the Helicopter Squadron.

The introductory presentation was delivered by Colonel Davor Tretinjak, the Head of the Project Team and the Chief of the Staff of the 93rd Air Base, who briefed the invitees on the overall project comprising the selection, transportation, reception and introduction of helicopters into operational service, as well as on their specifications and the utility for the Croatian Air Force and Air Defence.

The first five helicopters, three simulators, the weapons and other respective equipment were delivered to the base at Zemunik in late July aboard a U.S. C-5, whereas the remaining 11 and the equipment are due in a later air delivery via the same route Alabama –the Zemunik Air Base.

The Kiowa Warrior helicopters were manufactured in the period 2010 – 2012 and subsequently entered the operational service (from 2012 – 2015). They are taken over inclusive with the standard weapons set, the optical boresight system, the communication and navigation equipment and the respective live ammunition (12.7 mm, the Hydra non-guided missiles and the Hellfire 114-AGM missiles.

The primary purpose of the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior helicopters is connected with reconnaissance and attack capabilities. In combat situations it is used for anti-armour fighting, close air support and immediate air support; convoy escort and protection, correction and guidance of artillery precision fire and urban operations. The helicopters provide target acquisition and designation under day and night conditions as well as superior manoeuvering and fire capabilities and survivability. The Defence Minister Josip Buljević took the opportunity to extend appreciation to the U.S. government – the main Croatian ally in defence and seucirty and its strategic partner for the donation, which continued the years-long bilateral co-operation.

“The Kiowa Warrior helicopters provide the Croatian Armed Forces with new defence capabilities. The members of the Croatian Air Force and AIr Defence – pilots and technicians – received receiving modern assets to motivate them for new moves, expanded knowledge and skills and new experiences. The introduction of the helicopters also demonstrate our determination to complete the process of the replacement of the Soviet-produced equipment with modern western-made assets. The Kiowa helicopters flown by the Croatian Air Force and Air Defence will constitute a new value in the response to the modern security threats, and a new tool in the enhancement of the security architecture.

The helicopters, introduced into the Croatian Armed Forces, make just a segment of the strong support and assistance received by the Republic of Croatia and its military from their strategic partner. The overall assistance provided by the U.S. through various programmes totalled hundreds of millions of USD. The Minister also expressed “confidence in continued development of the bilateral cooperation of the two countries and their armed forces to mutual benefit.”

The U.S. Ambassador stressed that the modernisation of the Croatian helicopter fleet was a goal for the Croatia and the U.S. alike, and that that the broad spectrum of civil-military tasks enabled by the helicopters will expand the Croatian military capabilities, particularly in peace support missions. The Ambassador also stated that the Republic of Croatia was a credible and responsible U.S.'s partner and Ally in southeast Europe and a model to other countries for the building and contribution to common security environment.

President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović underscored that the equipment of the Croatian Air Force and Air Defence with Kiowa Warrior helicopters was conducted with the assistance from the U.S. – Croatia's strategic ally, and that it reflected the confidence of the U.S. into the Croatian defence capabilities and potential. The President stated that the helicopters will upgrade the Croatian Armed Forces' combat readiness,and that their primary purpose lied in the protection of the sovereignty and security of the Republic of Croatia and in providing support to the allied efforts in the ongoing and future missions.

The President emphasised that the security environment called for increased investment into the acquisition of modern systems (the Kiowa helicopters being a first step) and announced the continued equipment with western-produced transport helicopters. The President extended commendations to the entire team of the Ministry of Defence and of the Croatian Armed Forces included in the project and the appreciation to the United States for the support and friendship particularly visible in defence and security. The project of introduction of the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior helicopters into the operational service entails the equipment of the Croatian Air Force with 16 OH-58D Kiowa Warrior helicopters, the overall training for pilots and technicians and the establishment of the logistic system of attendance and user maintenance, to provide new scout/attack helicopter capability.

To fulfill overall contractual obligations (totalling 34.8 million USD) a portion of the funds in the amount of 20.1 million USD will be provided from the U.S. assistance, and the remaining part (14.7 mil USD) from the Ministry of Defence's budget respectively. Along with these, the Croatian Ministry will have to cover the VAT in the amount of 90 mil kuna. The precise purchase price for 16 new helicopters (the “flyaway cost” of a helicopter totals 13 mil USD) and three simulators amounts to over 220 mil USD (cca 1.5 billion kuna).



http://www.defense-aerospace.com/articles-view/release/3/176112/croatia-shows-its-new-0h_58d-kiowa-warrior-scout-helicopters.html
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MessageSujet: Re: Forces Armées Croates /Croatian military /Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske   Lun 31 Oct 2016 - 22:03

Citation :
  «Vatreni zid 16» live-fire artillery exercise conducted in Croatia

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Oct 31, 2016


Photo by MORH/ J. Kopi

 

The live-fire artillery exercise titled “Vatreni zid 16“ (Firewall), conducted at the Military Training Range “Eugen Kvaternik” near Slunj in the period 24-30 October 2016.

It is the first live-fire artillery exercise conducted according to NATO procedures, employing battery/platoon-sized artillery units, a signal unit, an engineer unit, a NBC Defence unit, the Military Police and the Support Command element. The objective was to demonstrate the trainedness and preparedness of the Croatian Army’s artillery units for quick and effective preparation and implementation of combat units in an inter-branch and inter-service operation. The Exercise engaged some 300 members of the Croatian Armed Forces, and the Artillery-missile Regiment of the Croatian Army was the main authority. The Commander of the Regiment – Colonel Tomislav Pavičić. Was the Exercise Commander, and Lieutenant Colonel

The Exercise engaged some 300 members of the Croatian Armed Forces, and the Artillery-missile Regiment of the Croatian Army was the main authority. The Commander of the Regiment – Colonel Tomislav Pavičić. Was the Exercise Commander, and Lieutenant Colonel Marijan Cikuš the Exercise Director.   “The live firing we have today

“The live firing we have today perfomed has demonstrated all units to be trained and ready for their respective duties. The Exercise has been conducted as planned and displayed the artillery weapons used to be accurate, allowing engagement of the planned targets“, said Colonel Pavičić.







Photo by MORH/ J. Kopi


http://defence-blog.com/army/vatreni-zid-16-live-fire-artillery-exercise-conducted-in-croatia.html
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MessageSujet: Re: Forces Armées Croates /Croatian military /Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske   Sam 31 Déc 2016 - 18:20

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MiG-21 croates : Un responsable du ministère de la Défense mis en examen pour corruption


Posté dans Forces aériennes par Laurent Lagneau Le 31-12-2016




Ne pouvant acquérir de nouveaux avions de combat à cause de contraintes budgétaires, la Croatie avait dû se résoudre à prolonger jusqu’en 2020 ses derniers vieux MiG-21 Bis/UM qu’elle avait acquis à l’Ukraine peu après son indépendance.

Pour cela, en 2013, Zagreb se tourna une nouvelle fois vers Kiev et confia à la société ukrainienne Ukrspecexport un marché de 17 millions d’euros pour remettre à niveau 7 MiG-21 et en acquérir 5 autres. Seulement, si le contrat fut exécuté dans les temps, les appareils livrés restèrent cloués au sol pour « des raisons techniques ». Ce qui motiva une enquête de la police militaire croate.

Cette dernière découvrit au fil de ses investigations que de vieilles pièces détachées provenant de Bulgarie et d’Algérie avaient été utilisées pour la révision des MiG-21. Qui plus est, les numéros de série des moteurs avaient été effacées et que d’autres composants ne correspondaient pas à la documentation technique. D’où l’ouverture d’une autre enquête pour voir s’il n’y avait pas de malversations lors de la notification du contrat à Ukrspecexport…

Ce qui a effectivement été le cas. Le 30 décembre, la justice croate a mis en examen un haut responsable du ministère de la Défense [le chef du Département de la maintenance et de révision de l'Institut technique aéronautique, ndlr] ainsi qu’un intermédiaire agissant pour le compte d’une entreprise « étrangère ».

Il est aussi reproché au premier d’avoir réclamé des pots de vins d’un montant de 50.000 euros à deux sociétés intéressées par ce marché. Si l’une d’elle a refusé, le représentant de l’autre aurait donc eu moins de scrupules….

Quoi qu’il en soit, l’objectif de Zagreb reste la modernisation de son aviation de chasse. Une décision sur le choix d’un nouvel appareil devrait être annoncée d’ici la fin de l’année, d’après ce qu’a indiqué, la semaine passée, la présidente croate, Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović. Et une équipe « consultative » a été mise en place pour étudier les différentes options possibles.

Selon la presse croate, parmi les avions qui intéressent Zagreb, l’on trouve le Rafale, le F-16 (d’occasion), le Gripen, le TA-50 sud-coréen et le Scorpion de Textron-Airland. Le défi sera de trouver un bon compromis entre les capacités recherchées par la force aérienne croate et la marge de manoeuvre financière… D’autant plus qu’il est aussi question d’acquérir des hélicoptères de transport, a priori des Sikorsky Black Hawk.

http://www.opex360.com/2016/12/31/mig-21-croates-responsable-du-ministere-de-la-defense-mis-en-examen-pour-corruption/
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MessageSujet: Re: Forces Armées Croates /Croatian military /Oružane Snage Republike Hrvatske   Ven 14 Juil 2017 - 22:02

Citation :
La Croatie va demander à 5 pays de lui faire une offre pour acquérir de nouveaux avions de combat


Posté dans Forces aériennes, Otan par Laurent Lagneau Le 14-07-2017




En décembre 2016, la président croate, Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, avait annoncé la mise en place d’une commission consultative chargée d’étudier différentes options pour moderniser l’aviation de chasse de ce pays, laquelle repose actuellement sur d’antiques MiG-21 Bis/UM, dont seulement 4 étaient encore en état de vol il y a quelques semaines.

Pour l’exécutif croate, l’issue de ce dossier est urgente dans la mesure où le voisin serbe, avec qui les relations sont fluctuantes, a renforcé ses forces aériennes grâce à une aide de la Russie. Et c’est aussi une question de sécurité nationale. En mai, Zagreb n’excluait d’ailleurs pas de passer un accord avec l’Otan pour assurer la surveillance de son espace aérien.

Cela fait déjà un moment que le projet de remplacer les MiG-21 par des avions de combat plus modernes est dans l’air. Mais, faute de moyens, il a donc été reporté à plusieurs reprises. Toutefois, Zagreb a augmenté ses dépenses militaires de 9% en 2017, pour les porter à près de 600 millions d’euros. Un plan sera prochainement présenté pour augmenter significativement le budget de la Défense, ce dernier devant passer de 1,23% à 2% du PIB d’ici 2024, conformément à l’engagement pris auprès de l’Otan lors du sommet de Newport, il y a trois ans.

Par ailleurs, ce 14 juillet, le Parlement croate a adopté la « stratégie de sécurité nationale de la Croatie », un document définissant la politique qu’entend mener Zagreb en matière de défense.

Mais s’agissant plus particulièrement de la modernisation de sa force aérienne, la Croatie va bientôt demander à cinq pays de lui proposer des offres concernant des avions de combat. « La semaine prochaine, nous enverront des demandes de proposition pour l’achat de chasseurs dans cinq pays : la Suède, les États-Unis, la Corée du Sud, la Grèce et Israël », a en effet indiqué le ministère croate de la Défense.

Ainsi, Israël est sollicité pour une offre portant sur des F-16 « Barak », alors que, pendant un temps, l’hypothèse du Kfir block 60, avait été avancée. La Grèce et les États-Unis soumettront chacun une offre sur des F-16 de seconde main. Quant à la Corée du Sud et la Suède, elles proposeront respectivement le FA-50 « Golden Eagle » de Korea Aerospace Industries et le JAS-39 Gripen C/D de Saab, qui lorgne le marché croate depuis un certain temps déjà.

Les offres seront examinées seront trois éléments « décisifs », a précisé le ministère croate de la Défense, à savoir le prix, un accord d’État à État et les perspectives de coopération économique. » Une décision sera prise d’ici la fin de cette année, afin que les premiers appareils commandés puissent être livrés à partir de 2020.

http://www.opex360.com/2017/07/14/la-croatie-va-demander-5-pays-de-lui-faire-une-offre-pour-acquerir-de-nouveaux-avions-de-combat/
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