messages : 24402 Inscrit le : 14/02/2009 Localisation : 7Seas Nationalité : Médailles de mérite :
Sujet: Systèmes SAM&ABM navals ( Documentation ) Ven 13 Nov 2009 - 14:39
Rappel du premier message :
MBDA has exploited the success and operationally proven capabilities of the in-service MICA air-to-air missile to develop two highly effective air defence systems, VL MICA (Land) and VL MICA (Naval). Both systems have been designed to offer a highly effective, rapid reaction, all-weather air defence against the widest range of threats.
Both MICA air defence systems feature vertical launch, a very short reaction time and a high firing rate. In addition they can both engage several targets simultaneously and provide 360° defence coverage without costly dedicated tracking and guidance suites.
As with the air-to-air weapon, the MICA fire and forget missile features a thrust vector control system and two seeker variants, active radar or infrared imaging.
VL MICA (Naval)
Developed to provide the capabilities of a Point Defence Missile System (PDMS), an Inner Layer Missile System (ILMS) and a Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) to counter a potential saturating anti-ship missile attack.
The VL MICA (Naval) launch canister is key to the system. Canisters can be installed in machined and aligned slots in a silo structure, part or fully buried in the ship’s deck. Alternatively, the canisters can be installed alongside the ship’s hangar or any suitable vertical bulkhead. Installation in a wide range of either new or retrofit warships, from fast patrol craft to major vessels, is therefore relatively easy. The canister serves as the storage and transportation unit as well as the vertical launcher. Missile system life cycle costs can therefore be minimised.
Target designation can be derived direct from the ship’s Combat Management System (CMS) with target data from a 3-D surveillance radar. Systems integration is facilitated via an electronic interface unit installed below deck. Each interface unit links eight VL MICA missiles to the CMS. As the system does not require dedicated target trackers, it has a truly 360° engagement capability.
Weight: 112 Kg Warhead weight : 13 kg Longueur : 3.1 m Diamétre : 166 mm Portée : 20 Km
____________________ Aster 15 SAAM
The ASTER modular family of vertically launched missiles is being developed under the leadership of MBDA within the Franco-Italian FSAF (Future Surface-to-Air Family) programme. Under this programme, France and Italy agreed to develop and produce a family of naval platform and ground based air defence systems for the armed forces of both countries. A subsequent trilateral agreement signed between France, Italy and the United Kingdom resulted in the development of a third naval air defence system using the Aster family of missiles known as PAAMS (Principal Anti-Air Missile System).
>SAAM (Surface-to-Air Anti-Missile): Using the Aster 15 (30km range) missile, SAAM is a high performance and highly manoeuvrable medium range anti-aircraft and anti-missile system for point and local defence against a new generation of threats including high speed, stealthy and highly manoeuvrable sea skimming anti-ship, cruise and anti-radar missiles.
>SAAM provides effective defence against anti-ship missiles and modern combat aircraft and is able to counter saturation attack in extreme countermeasures environments. The system comprises a fire control system with multifunction electronic scanning radar, Sylver vertical launchers each containing eight ready-to-fire missiles and the Aster 15 anti-missile missiles.
>The French SAAM/FR and Italian SAAM/IT variants are both the same except for the fire control system. The French Navy will use the Thales ARABEL radar while the Italian Navy will deploy the Selex Integrated Systems EMPAR radar.
>The Aster 15 missile active RF seeker and inertial mid-course guidance gives the system great advantages over comparable systems in terms of target handling. Employing a unique combination of aerodynamic and thrust vector control, the Aster 15 missile has unrivalled agility and manoeuvrability, making the weapon highly effective in all operating conditions against highly agile and stealthy targets.
Weight: 310 Kg Warhead weight : 30 kg Longueur : 4.2 m Diamétre : 180 mm Portée : 30 Km
Aster 15 & 30 PAAMS
>PAAMS (Principal Anti-Air Missile System): A 360° omni-directional system providing multi-layer air defence to armed fleets or groups of unarmed support and merchant ships. It incorporates three separate mission capabilities in a single naval air defence system – ship self-defence for protection of the PAAMS warship; local area defence for nearby ship defence; and medium and long-range air defence. PAAMS has been designed to provide optimum protection against omni-directional and co-ordinated attacks from sub- or supersonic missiles, aircraft and high value UAVs.
>PAAMS comprises a Multi Function Radar (MFR), a sophisticated Command and Control sub-system (C2), and a dual missile Vertical Launch Sub-system (VLS) containing a combination of 48, ready-to-fire Aster 15 and Aster 30 missiles (same as for SAMP/T). PAAMS is supported by a Long Range Radar (LRR) for long-range surveillance.
>Two PAAMS system variants are being developed. The Royal Navy system - PAAMS(S) - will use the BAE SYSTEMS SAMPSON radar while the French and Italian navies will deploy a system equipped with an EMPAR radar/fire control unit – PAAMS (E).
>Depending on the threat, the combination of the Aster 15 and Aster 30 missiles enables the PAAMS system to fire in any configuration from the PAAMS Sylver A50 launcher providing an impenetrable defence envelope day or night, even in cases of extreme ECM and in all weather conditions.
Weight: 450 Kg Warhead weight : 47 kg Longueur : 4.9 m Diamétre : 180 mm Portée : 100 Km
SEAWOLF was the first operational anti-missile ship defence weapon system. It has proved its efficiency against fast sea skimming and high angle supersonic missiles. Vertical Launch SEAWOLF is a fully automatic, fast reaction, high speed, point defence missile system offering an effective counter to multiple missile attack. VL SEAWOLF (VL = Vertical Launch) is accurate enough to intercept 4.5 inch (114 mm) shells.
Once the surveillance radar has detected targets, the ship’s command system evaluates them and prioritises the threat. Designated high threat targets are then automatically passed to the SEAWOLF tracker subsystem which then searches for and locks onto the target. The system automatically decides upon missile launch and guides the SEAWOLF missile up to intercept using highly accurate Command to Line of Sight (CLOS) guidance.
The missile Vertically launched, the missile is turned over quickly using thrust vector control. Once the boost motor has separated, the missile is controlled by its rear fins, giving it high manoeuvrability. The rear-facing command aerials, mounted on the missile wings, make it extremely resistant to electronic countermeasures.
The launch canister Vertical Launch SEAWOLF missiles are stored and transported in sealed launch canisters and require no maintenance on-board ship. The canister has its own integral ducts for efflux management, making installation on board ship simple and flexible.
The tracker Vertical Launch SEAWOLF operates with one or two lightweight radar trackers.
Weight: 140 Kg Warhead weight : 14 kg Longueur : 3 m Diamétre : 180 mm Portée : 10 Km
Sujet: Re: Systèmes SAM&ABM navals ( Documentation ) Sam 7 Nov 2015 - 21:30