messages : 6032 Inscrit le : 29/05/2007 Nationalité : Médailles de mérite :
Sujet: HQ-9/FD-2000 Mer 5 Fév - 4:26
-Originated From: China -Weight: 1300 kg -Length: 6.8 m -Warhead weight: 180 kg -Range: 200 km -Flight ceiling: 30 km -Speed: Mach 4.2 -Basing: Land, Sea -Status: Operational -In Service: 1997 to Present
-The Hongqi-9 (HQ-9) is a long-range, high-altitude, surface-to-air missile system developed and manufactured by China. It is designed to track and destroy aircraft, cruise missiles, air-to-surface missiles, and tactical ballistic missiles. It incorporates technology from the Russian S-300P (NATO: SA-10 Grumble), the U.S. Patriot missile, and preexisting Chinese systems.1 The HongQi 9 is currently used in both the PLA Air Force (SAM corps) and also in the PLA Navy in the form of ship-based HaiHongQi 9 (HHQ-9).2
Ironically, Beijing has ranked among the most vociferous opponents of U.S. missile defense, having denounced various U.S. initiatives during the Clinton administration, and more recently, the Bush administration’s decision in 2002 to withdraw from the 1972 ABM Treaty.3 Yet in recent years, China has followed a comprehensive two-track plan to bolster its own air and missile defenses:
1.The purchase of Russian surface-to-air missiles 2.The development of its own missile defense systems.4
It is important to note, however, that the HQ-9 has been in development since the mid-1990s. In 1993, China purchased a large batch of S-300P missiles from Russia, and allegedly obtained a copy of the U.S. Patriot missile from Israel (although Israel denies that such a transfer took place).5 The Chinese immediately began incorporating the S-300P and Patriot technology into their own air and missile defense system, the HQ-9. In 1997, the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence suggested that “technology from advanced Western systems may be incorporated into the HQ-9.”6 That same year, an official at a Russian missile design bureau acknowledged that the HQ-9 would incorporate the Patriot guidance and propulsion systems, thus confirming U.S. suspicions.
According to missile defense expert David A. Fulghum, “[the HQ-9] uses a seeker-aided ground guidance system. The seeker on the missile sends target data back to the ground, which then correlates the target data for an intercept.”8 It is assumed that the HQ-9’s seeker is similar to the Patriot’s “Track-via-Missile” guidance system.9 Such a system, if actually used by the Chinese, would allow the HQ-9 interceptor missile to fly straight toward its target and explode at the point of nearest approach, thus completely destroying the incoming ballistic missile (or aircraft) or knocking it far enough off course so that it misses its intended target. During the Persian Gulf War, the U.S. Patriot Advanced Capability-2 system, which employs “Track-via-Missile,” destroyed its targets between 40 and 70 percent of the time.
In addition to its land-based deployments, the HQ-9 has been recently modified to complement China’s burgeoning naval forces. The People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has outfitted two Type 052C destroyers with naval variants of the HQ-9, estimated to have a range of 65 nautical miles. Each Type 052C destroyer (similar to the U.S. Aegis destroyer) has six vertical launchers carrying approximately 36 missiles, as well as a phased-array radar system.
الله الوطن الملك
Fox-One General de Division
messages : 6694 Inscrit le : 20/09/2007 Nationalité : Médailles de mérite :
Sujet: Re: HQ-9/FD-2000 Sam 22 Aoû - 19:16
Entre le hq9 et le s300. Que conseillerz vous?
messages : 21657 Inscrit le : 15/09/2009 Localisation : 511 Nationalité : Médailles de mérite :
Sujet: Re: HQ-9/FD-2000 Dim 23 Aoû - 17:25
Sujet: Re: HQ-9/FD-2000 Dim 23 Aoû - 19:28
une DCA à haute attitude, c'est pas juste technique, c'est géopolitique. le futur c'est la chine, les gros investissement c'est la chine. et en plus c'est un allié qui a sortie le Veto pour les intérêt de ses alliées.
messages : 7470 Inscrit le : 12/09/2009 Localisation : Zone sud Nationalité : Médailles de mérite :
Sujet: Re: HQ-9/FD-2000 Jeu 26 Mai - 19:39
In terms of the missile, it is believed that the HQ-9 can reach up to 200km, but the export-grade FD-2000 is limited to 125km. The missiles use semi-active radar-homing (SARH) guidance, meaning, they depend on the HT-233 (or Type 305) radar to illuminate the target until impact. There have been reports of active radar-homing and imaging infrared-tipped HQ-9 versions being under development.