eh oui fremo c'est bien la "cavour" le dernier nè des armateurs de la "spezia"..j'avais preparè le sujet il y'a longtemps..mais Bon on est jamais trop tard..donc voila je vous presente la "cavour
* entrè en servce en 2008 a soutenire le 1er porte-aero italien ,le vieux " garibaldi" encore en service jusqu'a 2020.1.Doneès techniques:Dimensions:
length: 244 m; width: 39 m; immersion: 8.7 m; height superstructure of 14 deck: 36.6 m.Displacement:
) tons full load, 21,160 tons unloaded, 22,290 tons standard, > 30.000 tons expected at the end of service life .Propulsion:
4 gas turbines LM2500 for a total of 88 MW (max. continuous power), 2 5-bladed shafts, bow and aft thrusters with a orientable propeller blades .Speed:
28-29 knots max continuous sustained speed , 30 knots max expected during trials, 24 knots on just 2 gas turbines and 1 shaft, knots on just 1 gas turbine and 1 shaft (minimum for Harrier STOVL operations)
Thanks to 2 pairs of fins active stabilizers, the vessel is much more stable and allows the flight operations with the sea up to force 6 as well as improving comfort of the crew.Range:
7000 miles at 16 knots, 18 days on navigation. Tank from 2,500,000 litres of diesel, the cruising speed will consume 3,000 litres per hour, 25,000 at full speed.Electric:
at 660 V and 50 Hz for a total power installed of 17.6 MW, approximately 270% of the maximum power demand. The system is composed of 6 groups diesel-generatori from 2200 KW Wärtsilä 12 V200 CW and two groups generator/alternator sets directly driven by the propulsion plant, also from 2200 KW.Crew:
accommodation for 1210 +91 people, including 451 crew, 203 for the air group, 140 for the command complex (C4I) and 416 (325 +91) for the San Marco regiment (italian marines) or the new Forza di Proiezione dal Mare (FPM - Force projection from the sea).Radar:
3D multi-function phased-array radar for air and surface search Selex Sistemi Integrati (ex-AMS) MM/SPY-790 EMPAR, 3D long range radar air search Selex Sistemi Integrati (ex-AMS) (MM/SPS-798) RAN-40L, short/medium range radar for surface and low altitude air search Selex Sistemi Integrati (ex-AMS) RAN-30X/I (SPS-791), provision only for 2 Selex Systems Integrated (ex-AMS) RTN-25X for control of naval guns OTO Melara 72mm/62, radar system for air control and advanced precision approach Galileo Avionica SPN 720, navigation radar GEM Elettronica MM/SPN-753(v)4.Le EMPAR (MM/SPY-790):la componente ESM de la guerre electronic..donc le sisteme IFF SIR M5-PA :le radar early warning RAN-40 L (MM/SPS-798) pour la scansion aerienne a grande distance :le radar pour la recherche de superficie RASS (MM/SPS-791) : Sonar:
Whitehead Alenia Sistemi Subacquei (WASS) SNA 200 ) bow-mounted Navigation/Mine Avoidance Sonar, Euroslat SLAT torpedo decoy towed array sensor.Sensor/system:
Sagem VAMPIR-MB IRAS (Infra-Red Alerting System) IR surface/air surveillance; 1 Selex Galileo SASS (Silent Acquisition Sub-System) thermal image (IR) system for detection and tracking to 360°; Telephonics AN/SPN-41A radio frequency all-weather instrument approach landing system; system Selex Sistemi Integrati IFF SIR-R/S and SIR M5-PA.Electronic warfare:
Elettronica SpA integrated ESM/Elint/ECM suite.Armament:
Combat system SAAM-IT for 32 (4x8) surface-air Aster 15 on vertical launcher DCN Sylver A43, 2 sistems AEM Dardo-F for controlling 2 naval guns OTO Melara 72mm/62 and 3 naval guns Oto-Melara Oerlikon KBA 25mm/80.
lanceurs VLS :
Un Marte MK2:
2 AMS/Oto-Melara SCLAR-H decoys launchers anti-missiles, 2 Euroslat SLAT anti-torpedo defence system launchers.Command Center:
The center can provide capacity Control, Command, Communications, Computers and Information (C4I), the command center is spread out over an area of more than 1,100 m2
and has more than 150 workstations on which they can operate up to 230 people to manage naval, air and amphibious operations. Given the large, it was decided to place the center under the flight deck to reduce the size of island to the minimum..
Selex integrated communication system which includes SHF/UHF SICRAL with terminal SATCOM, HF Multi-channel, VHF, military UHF, VHF ICAO, VHF IMM, INMARSAT, METOC, GMDSS and tactical communications for command and control with 2 Link 11, Link 16 and predisposition for Link 22/NILE (NATO Improved Link Eleven).Security:
the passive safety of ship, namely defense capabilities fire and flaws, has been particularly cared all using the most advanced techniques and experience accumulated over the years. The ship is divided into 7 zones, and is equipped with a computerized system for monitoring and decision support in emergency conditions. The ship is divided into 7 zones, and is equipped with a computerized system for monitoring and decision support in emergency conditions. These people have taken such as smoke curtain, the new criteria for stations over breathable air and on the collector ring, arrangements for the disposal of fumes, the relative positions, accessibility and the conformation of local relevance to the Service Safety (COP, COC, area health, control stations), and so forth. See the image below.
The unit is equipped with all the necessary environment to operate in contaminated area by NBC agents (nuclear, bacteriological or chemical).
On board there is a system degaussing (degaussig) fully automated to reduce magnetic anomalies generated by the unit and therefore to reduce the risk due to landmines.Miscellaneous:
The Standard housing are very high, both in terms of space per person than as finishing level housing and services are provided for single or double accommodation for officers and staff of the role marshals, accommodation in four places for staff roles warrant and troops; remain collective "comrade" only for the staff of San Marco Regiment, to embark only for special needs and for limited periods. There are great public spaces, including bar, cinema and gym.
The vessel is covered by 1360 km of cables and 190 cameras. There are 2 cells for food by 400 and 800 m2
, 2 deposits for food and 2 kitchens with ovens for the fresh bread . There are also desalinization to make drinking water from the sea.
Particular care was given to the activities of loading, packaging and distribution of food and waste management, liquid and solid with the ristrittive rules MARPOL 73/78 (Marine Pollution) for commercial ships, not mandatory for military ships. The MARPOL 73/78 was designed to minimize pollution of the marine ecosystem (water and air), and covers the possible causes of pollution naval: municipal solid waste and non fuels, gaseous emissions and toxic substances transported .2.Capacitès de transport aero:Air group:
The ship hasn't assigned a fixed air group but is fixed according to the mission, will be a mix of 20-24 short takeoff vertical landingHarrier AV-8B plus 2 (F35B when available) and helicopters EH-101 (including Mk.112 AEW/HEW, Mk.110 ASW/ASV, Mk.410 TTH/utility e Mk.413 ASH), NH-90 NFH or TTH and SH3D.Flight-deck:
is long 232,6 m and width 34,5 m (surface 6.800+ m2
). It has a runway for takeoff short long 183,0 m for 14,2 m, ski-jump with 12° of elevation, a parking area (starboard side) to 10/12 aircraft, 6 spot for helicopters type EH-101 plus a dedicated spot for SAR missions to bow.Hangar:
is long 134,2 m, width 21,0 m e high 7,2 m (8,5 max.). It is connected to the flight deck with 2 McTaggart Scott elevators from 30 tons of which aft an “deck-edge" after the island size 15 m to 14 m, the second forward internal long 21.6 m for 14 m. There are also 2 elevators from 15 tons for ammunition and 2 service elevators from 7 tons. It has tanks 1,500,000 litres of fuel for planes and helicopters. The 2 main elevators do not interfere with the operations of takeoff and landing of aircraft.
the hangar can be used as a garage for the transport of terrestrial resources, and can contain up to 24 heavy vehicles like tanks Ariete (over 250 meters), or up to 50 vehicles average as the amphibians AAV7 RAM/RS, Centauro B1, Freccia, Dardo (over 423 meters) or up to 100 vehicles average as VTLM Lince, Puma, Defender e VM90 (over 522 meters). The hangar is accessible by 2 ramps from 60 tons posed stern and straight, under the island.Capacity of amphibious assault:
the San Marco regiment, or the new force projection from the sea (FPM) with the Lagunari army, can be landed with 2 assaults of 6 helicoptersEH-101(2 companies fully equipped) or with the help the 3 LCVP, 3 inflatables and a spear.
3. Missions et roles:Command Ship:
Using C4I the ship can provide command center that due Italian or NATO operating theater kindly to monitor actions naval, air or land.Air Defense:
the ship can provide high air cover to a naval group, which is the central element, using its aircraft to patrol remote, helicopters HEW for control over the horizon in addition to its long-range radar scope. With the use of data connections can work in unison with the unit basis, especially with the AAW destroyer.Force Projection:
to provide air support for amphibious landings or land operations, air strikes carried out with part of its fighterControl of the Sea:
it can perform anti-submarine missions embarking a number of ASW helicopters, sea control missions or anti-surface mission capabilities of its aircraft and escort unit.International Missions:
working to support peace-keeping missions, including the transport of troops or material Civil Support:
evacuation of non-combatants and humanitarian support in the event of natural disasters to provide logistical coordination or medical support.4. le cout
the total cost of the ship should be set at 1.5 billion euros, including combat system. The first contract (NUM 1) between the General Direction for naval armaments (NAVARM) and the company Fincantieri for the acquisition, valued at about 900 million of euros, was signed in November 2000. A second contract (NUM 2.1) for about 230 million euros was signed in 2002 for a good part of the electronic systems. The third contract (NUM 2.2), also for electronics on board, was signed in 2003 with a value of 150 million euros. The acquisition of the ship was divided into nearly a decade of defense budgets and even with the use of funds from the Ministry of Economic Development (MSE), here's a summary table:
before 2001 => <50 milion of euros
2001 => 35 million euros
2002 => 78 milion euros
2003 => 92 milion euros
2004 => 185,9 milion euros
2005 => 177,5 milion euros
2006 => 25,1 milion euros + MSE
2007 => 211,2 milion euros
2008 => 150,3 milion euros5.contructeur:
Fincatieri SpA at Riva Trigoso (GE) and Muggiano (SP) shipyards.6.les photos:
En construction a la " spezia":
Avec le harier:
En plein mer:
prochaiement avec le F-35B: