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 Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)

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MessageSujet: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeMar 25 Avr 2017 - 17:39

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Citation :
25 avr. 2017 | Par Justine BOQUET

Israël réceptionne trois F-35I


Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 8720
L'armée de l'air israélienne a réceptionné 3 F-35I supplémentaires. © Celia Garison - Israeli Air Forces



Le 23 avril, l'armée de l'air israélienne a réceptionné 3 Lockheed Martin F-35I « Adir » sur la base aérienne de Nevatim. Ils rejoignent les deux premiers F-35I reçu le 12 décembre 2016.

« L'intégration de 3 avions supplémentaires représente une nouvelle étape dans le renforcement des capacités de l'armée de l'air israélienne », a déclaré le Brigadier Général Eyal Grinboim, commandant de la base aérienne de Nevatim.

Les « Adir » appartiennent à l'escadron Golden Eagle (ou Aigle Royal). La livraison de 3 F-35I supplémentaires lui permettent de se rapprocher de son objectif final : atteindre la capacité opérationnelle initiale fin 2017.

Dans cet objectif, depuis décembre 2016, les F-35I ont effectué une douzaine d'heures de vols afin d'entraîner les pilotes et de les familiariser avec les capacités et technologies des aéronefs.

L'armée israélienne devrait réceptionner 3 « Adir » supplémentaires au cours de l'année, pour un contrat portant au total sur 50 F-35I de Lockheed Martin.

http://www.air-cosmos.com/israel-receptionne-trois-f-35i-93657
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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeJeu 22 Aoû 2019 - 17:26

Citation :
IDF selects Iron Fist for wheeled APCs, dozers

Yaakov Lappin, Tel Aviv - Jane's Defence Weekly

22 August 2019



The Israeli Ministry of Defense (MoD) announced on 20 August that it has chosen Elbit᾿s Iron First Light Decoupled (IFLD) active protection system
(APS) for the Israel Defense Force᾿s (IDF) new Eitan wheeled armoured personnel carriers (APC) and D9 armoured bulldozers.

Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 _12b676
A computer-generated image of the IFLD fitted to an Eitan from Elbit. The MoD released a similar image showing it with dual-face radars and
independently traversable electro-optical systems. (Elbit Systems)



Elbit will manufacture hundreds of systems under a programme worth hundreds of millions of shekels, the MoD said. Elbit said the contract has yet to be finalised.

The IFLD competed against Rafael᾿s Trophy for the contract. Industry sources told Jane’s that the Trophy version that was submitted was essentially the same as the one already in service on the IDF’s Merkava tanks and Namer tracked APCs but is 40% lighter. Defence sources said the Iron Fist was better adapted for wheeled APCs such as the Eitan.

“When considering the range of technical and technological parameters, the Iron First system won,” the MoD said in a statement. “The IDF᾿s operational requirements, which are at the basis of the tender for the Eitan APC – a part of the light armoured combat vehicle family – are different from those of the Trophy APS.”

https://www.janes.com/article/90601/idf-selects-iron-fist-for-wheeled-apcs-dozers    
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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeVen 27 Sep 2019 - 21:54

Citation :
Israel Shipyards sells OPV 45s, in talks for Sa’ar S-72

Daniel Wasserbly, Haifa - Jane's International Defence Review

27 September 2019

Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 _12e183
A nearly complete Shaldag fast patrol craft that Israel Shipyards is building for an African country.
Source: IHS Markit/Dan Wasserbly



Israel Shipyards has received orders for its newest patrol craft, the OPV 45, and is in discussions towards the first sale of a Sa'ar S-72 vessel, according to Noam Latsav, managing director at Israel Shipyards.

The Sa'ar S-72 is 71.8 m long, has a 3,200 n mile range, an 800 tonne displacement, and a 30 kt top speed. Contract talks are ongoing with one country, and one Sa'ar S-72 has begun construction in the meantime, Latsav said.

In September Israel Shipyards has sold two OPV 45s, which are 45.7 m long, have a 3,000 n mile range, a 290 tonne displacement, and a 24 kt top speed. The yard will start building those soon, he added. The OPV 45 is driven by fixed-pitch propellers and the power plants depend on the customer's needs. It can mount stabilised naval gun systems of up to 30 mm in the primary position, and 12.7 mm machine guns.

Meanwhile, the yard is building more of its Shaldag fast patrol craft. Shaldag variants - Mk II, III, IV, and V - are broken down by size to meet user-specific needs. The Israeli Navy, for example, typically wants small and fast vessels that can be operated by younger sailors.

So far 33 Shaldags have been sold around the world. According to a briefing presented by Latsav, the Mk II, which is used in Africa and South America, is 25.3 m long, has a 650 n mile range, 45 kt top speed, and displaces about 58 tonnes; the Mk III, which is used by the Israeli Navy, is 26.3 m long, has a 700 n mile range, 45 kt top speed, and displaces about 72 tonnes; the Mk IV, which is used by Romanian police, is 26.3 m long, has a 700 n mile range, 45 kt top speed, and displaces 72 tonnes; and the Mk V, which is used in Eastern Europe, is 32.6 m long, has a 1,000 n mile range, 40 kt top speed, displaces 95 tonnes.

https://www.janes.com/article/91569/israel-shipyards-sells-opv-45s-in-talks-for-sa-ar-s-72
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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeMer 13 Nov 2019 - 22:04

Citation :
Israeli Iron Dome Intercepts 90% of Rockets Fired From Gaza Strip

10:00 AM, November 13, 2019


Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 _12f3a29
Source: IDF

The Israeli Defense Force (IDF)’s Iron Dome deployed to intercept rockets being launched at a rate of one in every seven and a half minutes in the Gaza Strip, has reportedly intercepted 90% of its targets.

Tensions in the region escalated after the IDF killed Baha Abu al-Ata, commander of Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) group, on Tuesday.

Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 _12f355
Iron Dome (image: Rafael)


“Once every 7 and a half minutes. That's how often the Islamic Jihad has been launching rockets at Israeli towns and cities from Gaza over the last 27 hours,” the IDF tweeted.

As of Wednesday afternoon, 220 rockets had been fired at Israel from Gaza, the IDF said.


Iron Dome intercepting targets for representation (image via local media)


The Iron Dome truck-towed, mobile air defense system was developed by Israel’s Rafael and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI). The system has been developed to counter very short range rockets and artillery shell (155mm) threats with ranges of up to 70km.

Dozens of the incoming projectiles were shot down by soldiers operating the Iron Dome missile defense system, representing a 90% interception rate for rockets heading toward populated areas. The remaining 10% of projectiles struck homes, businesses and roadways, causing significant damage, but relatively few injuries, local media reported, citing the Israeli army.

https://www.defenseworld.net/news/25826/Israeli_Iron_Dome_Intercepts_90__of_Rockets_Fired_From_Gaza_Strip#.Xcxs7qbbLIU
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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeDim 24 Nov 2019 - 15:44

Missile supersonique Rampage

Ce missile devrait intéressé les FRA, il est calibré pour combattre les menaces qui nous entourent.

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AirForces Magazine


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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeVen 29 Nov 2019 - 15:54

Un hélicoptère Sikorsky CH-53 se crash dans le désert du Negev avec une équipe d'élite de Tsahal à bord et quelques membres d'équipages. L'équipage est indemne mais l'hélicoptère est complètement détruit.

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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeJeu 16 Jan 2020 - 22:01

Suite aux inondations qui ont touchées dernièrement Israël, plusieurs F-16 se sont retrouvés sous la flotte. L'EM israélien admet des erreurs.

https://m.jpost.com/Israel-News/Eight-F-16-jets-damaged-following-intense-rainfall-in-southern-Israel-613996

Un F-16 qui nage Smile Sa'ar 4 hada  Very Happy

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Merkava

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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeSam 1 Fév 2020 - 13:23

https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-air-force-inaugurates-its-second-f-35-squadron/ a écrit:

The Israeli Air Force on Thursday inaugurated its second squadron of F-35 fifth-generation stealth aircraft, known as the “Lions of the South,” reviving the historic 116th Squadron.

“The Air Force shoulders a great responsibility daily. From this moment, the 116th Squadron returns and becomes part of our strategic arm, part of our qualitative advantage over our enemies,” Israeli Air Force chief Amikam Norkin said at the ceremony at the Nevatim air base in the Negev desert where they will be based.
“The challenges that stand before you are many and varied. Now we are stronger,” he said.

The 116th Squadron was founded in 1956, flying P-51 Mustangs and flew an assortment of aircraft that took part in all of Israel’s wars. From 2003 until it was disbanded 2015, it flew F-16s.

The IAF’s first two F-35 jets arrived in December 2016. Approximately a year later, the stealth fighter — known in Israel as the Adir — was declared operational, and several months after that, the head of the air force revealed that the aircraft had conducted bombing raids, making Israel the first country to acknowledge using the planes operationally.

Manufacturer Lockheed Martin congratulated the IAF on the inauguration.

“We’re proud to support Israel and the IAF with the F-35, the world’s most advanced aircraft that provides unmatched capabilities to enable allies to secure peace around the world,” Lockheed said “We look forward to delivering the next 30 F-35s by 2024 that will continue to strengthen Israel’s national security for decades to come.”

Last year, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu warned Tehran that Israel’s F-35 fighter jets can reach “anywhere in the Middle East,” following threats against Israel by senior Iranian officials.

“Lately, Iran has been threatening Israel with destruction,” Netanyahu said. “It should remember that these planes can reach every place in the Middle East, including Iran, and of course also Syria.”

The F-35 stealth jet is not believed to have an effective range to reach Iran unassisted, but it could conduct operations there with in-air refueling, a capability possessed by Israel’s air force.

Israel has agreed to purchase at least 50 F-35 fighter jets from Lockheed Martin. They will be delivered in batches of twos and threes until 2024. Israel is the second country after the United States to receive the F-35 from Lockheed Martin and one of the few to be allowed to modify the state-of-the-art aircraft.

The fifth-generation F-35 has been lauded as a “game-changer” by the military, not only for its offensive and stealth capabilities, but for its ability to connect its systems with other aircraft and form an information-sharing network.

Detractors, however, balk at the development and production delays that have plagued the aircraft, as well as its high price tag: approximately $100 million apiece. (Lockheed Martin says the cost is expected to go down as more countries purchase the F-35.)

Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 WhatsApp_Image_2020-01-16_at_18.46.20-640x400

https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-air-force-inaugurates-its-second-f-35-squadron/

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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeDim 16 Fév 2020 - 16:22

Citation :
Israël dénonce une tentative de cyber-attaque du Hamas contre l'armée


Jérusalem, 16 fév 2020 (AFP) -


L'armée israélienne a affirmé dimanche avoir déjoué une tentative de cyber-attaque du mouvement palestinien Hamas, qui cherchait selon elle à pirater les téléphones portables de ses soldats, en les appâtant avec de faux profils de jeunes femmes "séduisantes".

Les téléphones de quelques dizaines de soldats ont été ciblés, mais l'armée considère qu'il n'y a pas eu "de perte importante d'informations", a déclaré son porte-parole, Jonathan Conricus, lors d'un point presse.

Il s'agit de la troisième tentative de cyber-attaque du genre du Hamas, ennemi d'Israël, en quatre ans visant des smartphones de soldats, selon l'armée.

Des messages censés provenir de jeunes femmes "séduisantes" ont été envoyés aux soldats via les applications Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram et Telegram, a expliqué le porte-parole. C'est la première fois que le Hamas utilisait Telegram, a-t-il précisé.

Une fois le contact établi, les soldats étaient encouragés à cliquer sur un lien pour télécharger une application qui permet d'échanger des photos.

Ces applications --que les militaires ont identifiées comme Catch&See, ZatuApp et GrixyApp-- devaient infecter les téléphones des soldats avec des logiciels malveillants et donner un accès total aux appareils.

L'armée n'a pas précisé par quels moyens elle avait déterminé que ces piratages étaient le fait du Hamas mais a évoqué des "preuves évidentes".

L'attaque a été lancée il y a plusieurs mois et Israël mène "une activité défensive" ces derniers jours, sans toutefois exclure de représailles, a affirmé M. Conricus, sans préciser la nature de ces représailles.

"Les actions hostiles du Hamas dans le monde virtuel ont des répercussions dans le monde réel", a-t-il dénoncé.

Une trêve fragile est en vigueur depuis mai entre Israël et le Hamas qui contrôle la bande de Gaza. Trois guerres ont opposé les deux camps depuis 2008.

https://www.marine-oceans.com/actualites/19980-israel-denonce-une-tentative-de-cyber-attaque-du-hamas-contre-l-armee
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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeJeu 20 Fév 2020 - 22:17

Citation :
 Israeli Navy close to completing radar upgrades for ships

Yaakov Lappin, Tel Aviv - Jane's Defence Weekly

18 February 2020

Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 _12f5a32
INS leads another Sa’ar 5 fitted with the ALPHA radar during Exercise ‘Mighty Waves’ in August 2019. They are followed by the French
frigate. Source: Jack Guez/AFP/Getty Images



The Israeli Navy is set to complete all radar upgrades on its Sa'ar 4.5 and Sa'ar 5 ships in less than a year, a senior naval official has told Jane's .

The navy is currently upgrading its Sa'ar 4.5s with the IAI Elta ELM-2258 Advanced Lightweight Phased Array (ALPHA) radar. This is an active electronically scanned array (AESA) S-band system with a rotating antenna that was designed for the relatively small ships.

Two of the three Sa'ar 5 corvettes are also receiving the ALPHA. One was seen with the new radar during Exercise 'Mighty Waves' in August 2019.

The third Sa'ar 5, INS Lahav , has already been fitted with the larger ELM-2248 MF-Star radar, providing a testbed for the systems that will be installed on the new Sa'ar 6 ships being built in Germany. The senior officer said this radar might be swapped for an ALPHA, but a final decision has yet to be taken.

"We will soon complete the ALPHA installations. This will give us an ability to deal with very complex aerial threats and to view them in high resolution, distinguishing between all sorts of targets," the source said.

Meanwhile, personnel from the navy's Weapons Systems Department are working to make the radar cross section of the Sa'ar 6 ships "as small as possible", the source said.

This effort is informed by the navy's ongoing threat assessment, which views the proliferation of advanced coastal anti-ship missiles as a significant threat. Syria has Russian-made Yakhont supersonic anti-ship missiles that are launched by its Bastion coastal systems, while Iran has been transferring anti-ship missiles to militant groups, including the Lebanese Hizbullah.

"It has changed the rules of the game," the source said, referring to the missile proliferation. "The navy used to train for navy-to-navy battles. That is still seen as very significant scenario, but now, because there are many shore-to-sea missiles spread out in all sorts of countries in the area, an [enemy] organisation does not need to maintain a fleet."
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Citation :
L’administration américaine approuve la vente de 8 avions ravitailleurs KC-46A à Israël

par Laurent Lagneau · 4 mars 2020


Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 _12f2287

Développé par Boeing, l’avion ravitailleur KC-46A « Pegagus » donne du fil à retordre à l’US Air Force, qui l’avait sélectionné en février 2011 aux dépens de l’A330 MRTT [ou KC-45], alors proposé par Airbus et Northrop Grumman dans le cadre d’un énième appel d’offres visant à remplacer les KC-135 Stratotanker et KC-10 Extender.

En effet, déjà livrés en retard par rapport au calendrier prévu, qui plus est avec des problèmes de qualité, les premiers KC-46A ne sont pour le moment pas totalement aptes à être engagés en opération. En cause? Leur « Remote Vision System » [RVS], c’est à dire un système de caméras qui, fourni par Rockwell Collins, permet de contrôler avec précision le ravitaillement en vol d’un autre appareil.

Lors d’une audition au Congrès, le 3 mars, le général David Goldfein, le chef d’état-major de l’US Air Force, a indiqué qu’il n’enverra le KC-46A au combat qu’avec des « équipages hautement qualifiés » et à la « condition que cela soit absolument nécessaire ». Et, en attendant une solution à ce problème, et alors que le projet de budget du Pentagone prévoit le retrait de 13 KC-135 et de 16 KC-10 Extender, l’idée d’avoir recours à des prestataires privés afin de limiter un déficit capacitaire.


Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 _12f2286

Quoi qu’il en soit, et en dépit de ces problèmes, Israël a l’intention d’acquérir 8 exemplaires du KC-46A Pegasus afin de remplacer les 9 KC-707 de l’Israeli Air Force [IAF]. Sans surprise, la Defense Security Cooperation Agency [DSCA], l’agence chargée des exportations d’équipements militaires américains, a recommandé au Congrès d’accepter cette vente, dont le montant, comprenant des composants de rechange et des services associés, s’élèverait, au plus, à 2,4 milliards de dollars.

« Les États-Unis sont attachés à la sécurité d’Israël, et il est vital pour les intérêts nationaux américains d’aider Israël à développer et à maintenir une capacité d’autodéfense solide et prête. Cette vente proposée est conforme à ces objectifs », plaide la DSCA.

« La vente proposée soutient en outre la politique étrangère et la sécurité nationale des États-Unis en permettant à Israël de fournir une capacité redondante aux actifs américains dans la région, ce qui pourrait libérer des actifs américains pour les utiliser ailleurs en temps de guerre », ajoute encore la DSCA, qui souligne que le « ravitaillement en vol et le transport aérien stratégique sont constamment cités comme des lacunes importantes pour nos alliés. »

Si cette vente se confirme, alors Israël sera le deuxième client à l’exportation du KC-46A, après le Japon, qui en a commandé deux exemplaires. En outre, après avoir annoncé leur intention de se procurer cet appareil, les Émirats arabes unis ont finalement choisi de commander trois A330 MRTT supplémentaires. Déjà en service en France, au Royaume-Uni, en Arabie Saoudite ou encore en Australie, l’avion-ravitailleur d’Airbus s’est également imposé face à son rival américain en Corée du Sud et à Singapour.

http://www.opex360.com/2020/03/04/ladministration-americaine-approuve-la-vente-de-8-avions-ravitailleurs-kc-46a-a-israel/
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INS Magen - Sa'ar 6

Tête de série des Sa'ar 6.

Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Get12
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MessageSujet: Re: Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 Icon_minitimeSam 14 Mar 2020 - 20:23

Citation :
Transfers of major weapons: Deals with deliveries or orders made for 2019 to 2019
Note: The ‘No. delivered’ and the ‘Year(s) of deliveries’ columns refer to all deliveries since the beginning of the contract. The ‘Comments’ column includes publicly reported information on the value of the deal. Information on the sources and methods used in the collection of the data, and explanations of the conventions, abbreviations and acronyms, can be found at URL .

Source: SIPRI Arms Transfers Database
Information generated: 14 March 2020


Germany
R: Israel 4 MEKO PC-IN Frigate 2015 EUR430 m deal (incl EUR115 m paid by Germany; NIS700 m offsets; incl production of components and final fitting out in Israel); Israeli designation Saar-6 or Magen; delivery planned 2020-2022
    MTU-883 Diesel engine (2000) 2002-2019 (790) For Merkava-4 tanks and Namer APC produced in Israel; assembled in USA from components produced in FRG
    (150) DM2A4 Seehecht AS/ASW torpedo (2002) 2014-2019 (80)
    1 Dolphin/Type-800 Submarine 2012 EUR405 m deal (33% financed by FRG); delivery planned 2020

Italy
R: Israel 7 AW119 Koala Light helicopter 2019 $350 m deal (incl 20 years support); for training; Israeli designation Sayfan

United States (28) AIM-9X Sidewinder SRAAM 2014 2016-2019 (20) AIM-9X Block-2 and Block-3 versions; possibly incl for evaluation
4100 GBU-39 SDB Guided bomb (2015) 2018-2019 (2700)
(25) APG-82 Combat ac radar (2016) 'FMF' aid; APG-82(V)1 version for modernization of 25 F-15I combat aircraft
(50) 8V-92TA Diesel engine 2017 2018-2019 (50) $10.5 m deal; for modernization of Achzarit IFV; 'FMF' aid
1 Gulfstream-5 Light transport ac (2017) 2019 (1) G-550 version; modified in Israel to special mission aircraft
8 S-70B/SH-60B Seahawk ASW helicopter (2017) Second-hand but possibly modernized before delivery
2 KC-46A Pegasus Tanker/transport aircraft (2019) Selected but contract not yet signed by end-2019
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Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 15856110

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https://www.timesofisrael.com/idf-us-hold-f-35-drill-delayed-by-virus-over-southern-israel/
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Citation :
 Scramble Magazine

First AW119 Koala for Israel

This brightly coloured AW119Kx Koala helicopter (commercially marked as 119) for the Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal (Heyl Ha'Avir, Israeli Air Force)
was recently noted with Leonardo Helicopters at its facility in Philadelphia (PA).

So far known, Israel ordered seven Koalas for use with the Flying Training School (FTS) at Hatzerim airbase. The badge of the FTS can be seen
at the top of the fin.

Photo credit: via Amos Dor  
Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 _12f1016
 
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la 401° Brigade en exercice le 21 Mai
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Les Israeliens roulent encore en M113

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Les rois de la retrofit.
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On voit aussi le systeme de protection Trophy
Les Merkava sont des MK4 M Windbreaker

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Tsahal a les meilleures formations blindés au Monde.. Bien qu'ils ont changé de doctrine et l'arme a perdu son importance même en terme d'investissement en R&D

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F-35I
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F-16C
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F-16I
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G550 CAEW
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Les 4 nouvelles corvettes Saar VI : IsNS Magen, IsNS Oz, IsNS Atzmaut, IsNS Nitzachon
Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 3161883

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Israël a placé sur orbite le satellite de reconnaissance Ofek 16 © MOD Spokesperson's Office


 07/07/2020 10:43 | Pierre-François Mouriaux

Israël a placé sur orbite le satellite de reconnaissance Ofek 16



L’État hébreu n’avait pas effectué de lancement orbital depuis septembre 2016.


Neuvième succès pour le Shavit 2

Le 6 juillet à 1h00 UTC (4h00, heure locale), un petit lanceur israélien Shavit 2 (« Comète », en hébreu) construit par Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) s’est élancé de la base aérienne de Palmachim, située au bord de la Méditerranée, au sud-ouest de Tel Aviv.

A son bord, le satellite de reconnaissance électro-optique Ofek 16, visiblement destiné à surveiller la région du Moyen-Orient, en remplacement du dernier satellite israélien placé sur orbite basse en septembre 2016, Ofek 11, pour le compte de la DDR&D (administration spatiale au sein de la direction de la recherche et du développement de la défense du ministère de la Défense).

L’orbite estimée (très rétrograde) est de 380 x 602 km, inclinée de 142° par rapport à l’équateur.

Dérivé du missile Jericho 2, Shavit 2 est un lanceur à propergol solide à trois étages de 31 t au décollage, capable de placer jusqu’à 300 kg sur orbite basse.

Il est lancé vers l’ouest, pour éviter d’éventuelles retombées sur les pays voisins.

C’était la onzième mission du lanceur, mis en service en septembre 1988, et son neuvième succès.


Besoin de sécurité

« La supériorité technologique et les capacités de renseignement sont essentielles à la sécurité de l'État d'Israël, a déclaré le ministre de la Défense israélien à l’annonce du lancement d’Ofek 16. Le fait qu'Israël soit l'un des treize pays au monde avec des capacités de lancement de satellites n'est pas une évidence, et a été rendu possible grâce aux personnes qui ont investi dans ces systèmes et fait progresser les capacités révolutionnaires au fil des ans. Nous continuerons de renforcer et de maintenir les capacités d'Israël sur tous les fronts, en tous lieux ».

https://www.air-cosmos.com/article/isral-a-plac-sur-orbite-le-satellite-de-reconnaissance-ofek-16-23344
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Sébastien Roblin / Georgetown University - Center for the National Interest a écrit:

The Middle East Is Helpless Against Israel's Modified F-35 Stealth Fighters



The Lightning’s sophisticated flight computer and ground-based logistics system has become a matter of contention with many F-35 operators.



Armée Israélienne / Israel Defense Forces (IDF) - Page 4 21324810

Here's What You Need To Remember: The strike emphasis, however, is just fine with the Israeli Air Force, as since 1948 it has historically mostly trounced its opponents in air-to-air combat, but suffered heavy losses to ground-based air defenses in the 1973 Yom Kippur War. Since then, Israel jets have continued to face, and mostly defeat, hostile SAMs in scores of raids launched into Lebanon and Syria, though in February 2018 it suffered its first combat loss of a fighter in decades when Syrian S-200 missiles downed an Israeli F-16.

On May 22, 2018 Israeli Air Force commander Amikam Norkin announced that its F-35I stealth fighters had flown on two combat missions on “different fronts,” showing as proof a photograph of an F-35 overflying Beirut. While details on those missions have not been released—apparently, they were not deployed in a massive Israeli air attack on Iranian forces in Syria that took place on May 9, 2018—this nonetheless apparently confirmed the first combat operations undertaken by any variant of the controversial stealth jet, which is currently entering service with the militaries of ten countries after undergoing over two decades of development.

In fact, Israel’s F-35I Adir—or “Mighty Ones”—will be the only F-35 variant to enter service heavily tailored to a foreign country’s specifications. There had been plans for a Canadian CF-35, with a different refueling probe and drogue-parachute to allow landing on short Arctic air strips, but Ottawa dropped out of the F-35 program.

It has become a common practice to create custom variants of fourth-generation jet fighters such as the Su-30, F-15 and F-16 for export clients, made to order with local avionics, weapons and upgrades that suit a particular air force’s doctrine and strategic priorities. Today, Israel operates heavily upgraded F-15I Ra’am (“Thunder”) and two-seater F-16I Sufa fighters. Furthermore, Israel in particular hasn’t hesitated to modify aircraft it has already received fit its needs: for example, in 1981 it rigged its then-new F-15A Eagle air superiority fighters to drop bombs, and used these first-ever strike Eagles to destroy the Iraqi Osirak nuclear reactor.

However, the Lockheed-Martin has mostly refused to allow major country-specific modifications to the F-35, despite the hundreds of millions of dollars foreign F-35 operators contributed to the aircraft’s development. There is, of course, an efficiency-based rationale, given the additional costs and delays of creating country-specific variants, and the fact that Lockheed is struggling to both produce F-35s fast and cheaply enough and build enough spare parts for the hundreds already in service.

Israel, however, managed to carve out an exception. Though not an investor in the F-35’s development, Tel Aviv was nonetheless quick to sign on to the program with an initial order of fifty. It also negotiated a favorable deal in which billions of dollars worth of F-35 wings and sophisticated helmet sets would be manufactured in Israel, paid for with U.S. military aid. Furthermore, depot-level maintenance will occur in a facility operated by Israeli Aeronautics Industries rather than at a Lockheed facility abroad.

The first nine F-35s entered operational service in December 6, 2017, with the 140 “Golden Eagles” Squadron, based at Nevatim Airbase near Be’er Sheva. Six more should arrive in 2018. Israel will eventually activate a second squadron at Nevatim, and retains the option for an additional twenty-five F-35s to form a third squadron, likely based elsewhere. However, recent reports suggest a third squadron may postponed for a decade in favor of buying additional F-15Is, which trade the F-35’s stealth for greater range and payload. Israel has paid a high price of between $110 to $125 million per F-35 for its initial order, but in the future unit cost will supposedly decline to around $85 million.

The first nineteen stealth jets received by Israel will actually be standard F-35A land-based fighters, while the following thirty-one will be true F-35Is modified to integrate Israeli-built hardware. However, most media sources have taken to labeling all of them as F-35Is, and it does appear even the initial batch will be retrofitted with an open-architecture Israeli Command, Control, Communications and Computing (C4) system.

The Lightning’s sophisticated flight computer and ground-based logistics system has become a matter of contention with many F-35 operators. Foreign air forces would like to have greater access to the F-35’s computer source codes to upgrade and modify them as they see fit without needing to involve external parties—but Lockheed doesn’t want to hand over full access for both commercial and security-based reasons.


Israeli F-35Is uniquely will have an overriding Israeli-built C4 program that runs “on top” of Lockheed’s operating system. One of F-35’s key capabilities come from its superior ability to soak up data with its sensors and share it with friendly forces. Compatibility with datalinks used by friendly Israeli air and ground forces is thus an important aspect from Israel’s perspective as it tracks the position of hostile surface-to-surface rocket launchers and surface-to-air missiles systems.

The new system will also allow the IDF to install Israeli-built datalinks and defensive avionics systems such as radar-jamming pods. An official told Aviation Week the IAF expects the advantages of the F-35’s low radar cross-section will be “good for five to ten years” before adversaries develop countermeasures. There already exist methods for detecting stealth fighters, including long-range infrared sensors, electromagnetic sensors, and low bandwidth radars (though all have significant limitations), and more exotic technologies such as quantum radar are also under development.

Thus, the IDF particularly values the flexibility to install “plug-and-play” defensive countermeasures such as jamming pods as they become relevant and available. It so happens the Israeli firms Elbit and Israeli Aerospace Industries are major developers of such systems. However, due to the F-35’s highly “fused” avionics, such plug-and-play support needs to be built both into F-35 software and apparently even the airframe. The add-ons will be installed in special apertures in the lower fuselage and leading edge of the wings—presumably, features only in the later production F-35Is that arrive in 2020.

Israel is also developing two different sets of external fuel tanks to extend the F-35’s range. The first will be non-stealthy 425-gallon underwing tanks developed by a subsidiary of Elbit—these could be dropped when approaching enemy airspace (the pylons holding the drop tanks would reportedly detach as well so as not to compromise stealth), or used for missions in which stealth isn’t necessary. Further down the line, IAI wants to co-develop with Lockheed bolt-on conformal fuel tanks which “hug” the F-35 airframe so as not to compromise stealth and aerodynamics.

The F-35I will also be certified to carry major Israeli-developed weapons systems in its internal weapons bay, notably including the Python-5 short-range heat-seeking air-to-air missile, and the Spice family of glide bombs, which combine electro-optical, satellite and man-in-the-loop guidance options for greater targeting versatility and have a range of up to sixty miles.

However, country-specific F-35 weapons capabilities are not unique to Israel. British Royal Air Force and Navy F-35s will be compatible with the Meteor and ASM-132 air-to-air missile, while Norway and Australia’s Lightning IIs will be able to carry the Norwegian Naval Strike Missile, reflecting the importance of the sea-control mission for these nations. The United States even would like its NATO partners to purchase F-35s specially modified to deploy B-61 nuclear bombs.

The Adir and Israeli Strategy

Norkin’s announcement of F-35 operations was as much a part of Israeli strategy as the actual deployment of the fighters. Tel Aviv wants potential adversaries (chiefly, Iran, Syria, and Hezbollah) to know that its fighters have already proven capable of infiltrating the airspace of neighboring countries, and that its stealth jets could at any moment launch an attack that may go undetected until the first bomb strikes a target.

The F-35 has been criticized for its mediocre flight performance compared to earlier fourth-generation jets, meaning that it would be at a disadvantage in a short-range ai dogfight against enemy fighters. Supporters argue that the F-35 would leverage its stealth, sensors and long-range missiles to avoid getting that close to more agile opponent in the first place, and that the platform is really optimized more for striking targets in defended enemy airspace.

The strike emphasis, however, is just fine with the Israeli Air Force, as since 1948 it has historically mostly trounced its opponents in air-to-air combat, but suffered heavy losses to ground-based air defenses in the 1973 Yom Kippur War. Since then, Israel jets have continued to face, and mostly defeat, hostile SAMs in scores of raids launched into Lebanon and Syria, though in February 2018 it suffered its first combat loss of a fighter in decades when Syrian S-200 missiles downed an Israeli F-16. Since 2017, there have been rumors of the F-35s involvement in these raids, though most of these rumors were likely inaccurate due to the risk of losing an airframe over hostile territory at this stage.

Prime Minister Benjamin Nethanyahu, in power since 2009, clearly favors using military force to suppress Iran’s nuclear research program, having opposed and undermined negotiated settlements. While Tel Aviv basically wants the United States to carry out such an attack, the F-35 makes an Israeli attack on Iran more practical.

However, Israeli aircraft would have to fly through Turkey, or either Jordan and Syria and then Iraq to reach Iranian aerospace over six hundred miles away—and remember, key targets will likely be much further from the border. This also happens test the range limit of most combat-loaded fourth-generation fighters, meaning they would need conspicuous aerial tankers to make the raid viable. Furthermore, Israeli warplanes would have to disable or destroy Iranian air defenses, which would require additional time and aircraft.

Israeli jets violated Turkish airspace in 2007 in order to destroy a nuclear reactor in northern Syria. However a sustained air campaign traversing foreign airspace would be more difficult to execute than a one-time raid. However, the F-35 has a greater combat radius than most fourth-generation jets, due to its inability to carry extra fuel tanks without compromising stealth. Furthermore, it could more easily penetrate Iran’s air defenses, and evade detection by neutral countries, than fourth-generation jets, lowering the necessary size of a strike package.

Over time, Israel will likely acquire additional F-35s, as it intends for the type to replace its fleet of over 320 F-16s, starting with the now very old F-16A Netz aircraft first acquired in 1980s. Reportedly, Israel is even interested in possibly acquiring F-35B jump jets down the line. One usually thinks of F-35Bs as serving from smaller aircraft carriers or island bases, but Israel sees role for jump jets by dispersing them to remote improvised airstrips to avoid enemy air-base attacks. This still seems a somewhat extravagant solution to the threat, given that the F-35B is more expensive and has inferior performance to the F-35A for most other purposes. This may explain why an F-35B purchase is allegedly more popular with Israeli politicians than the Israeli Air Force.

Israel has also been a proponent of a two-seat variant of the F-35, which would be convenient for training purposes, and also allow a back-seat Weapon System Officer to manage the F-35s precision-guided weapons while the pilot focuses on flying.

At any rate, the activities of Israel’s Adirs are likely to continue to remain conspicuously in the news, if less so on hostile radars.

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